Using Firebase in a Vue App Vuefire — Saving Data

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The Vuefire library lets us add Firebase database manipulation capabilities right from our Vue app.

In this article, we’ll look at how to use Vuefire to add support for Cloud Firestore database manipulation into our Vue app.

Getting Data

We can get data in various ways with Vuefire.

We can call the this.$bind method with a collection.

For example, we can write:

Book.vue

<template>
<div>{{book.title}}</div>
</template>
<script>
import { db } from "./db";
const books = db.collection("books");
export default {
props: ["id"],
data() {
return {
book: {}
};
},
watch: {
id: {
immediate: true,
async handler(id) {
const book = await this.$bind("book", books.doc(id));
console.log(book);
}
}
}
};
</script>

We make the watcher for the id prop async so that we can use await to get the resolved value from this.$bind .

this.$bind returns a promise so we can do that.

book has the resolved value from the Cloud Firestore.

We can do the same for collections.

For example, we can write:

App.vue

<template>
<div id="app">{{book.title}}</div>
</template>
<script>
import { db } from "./db";
const books = db.collection("books");
export default {
name: "App",
data() {
return {
title: "title",
book: {}
};
},
async mounted() {
const [book] = await this.$bind(
"books",
books.where("title", "==", this.title)
);
this.book = book;
console.log(book);
}
};
</script>

We call the where method to search for an entry with the title instead of getting a document by ID.

The resolved value is destructured so that we can get the entry and display it in the template.

.key / id

The id property of a document isn’t enuerable.

So Object.keys won’t include the key in the array of keys.

But we can access it with the id property directly.

For example, we can write:

<template>
<div id="app">
<div v-for="b of books" :key="b.id">{{b.id}} - {{b.title}}</div>
</div>
</template>
<script>
import { db } from "./db";
export default {
name: "App",
data() {
return {
books: []
};
},
firestore: {
books: db.collection("books")
}
};
</script>

to get the id from books entries in our template.

Geopoints

Geopoints is something we can store with the Cloud Firestore.

For example, we can write:

<template>
<div id="app">
<div v-for="b of books" :key="b.id">{{b}}</div>
</div>
</template>
<script>
import { db, GeoPoint } from "./db";
export default {
name: "App",
data() {
return {
cities: []
};
},
firestore: {
cities: db.collection("cities")
},
async mounted() {
await db.collection("cities").add({
name: "London",
location: new GeoPoint(51.3, 0)
});
}
};
</script>

to add a GeoPoint instance with the latitude and longitude as its arguments.

Then the object created in the cities collection should have something like:

{ "name": "London", "location": { "latitude": 51.3, "longitude": 0 } }

We have the latitude and longitude properties in the entry.

Timestamps

We can also save timestamps with the Timestamp.fromDate method that comes with Vuefire.

It’s also available with Firestore only.

To use it, we can write:

<template>
<div id="app">
<div v-for="b of books" :key="b.id">{{b}}</div>
</div>
</template>
<script>
import { db, Timestamp } from "./db";
export default {
name: "App",
data() {
return {
books: []
};
},
firestore: {
books: db.collection("events")
},
async mounted() {
await db.collection("events").add({
name: "parade",
date: Timestamp.fromDate(new Date("2029-07-14"))
});
}
};
</script>

We pass in a Date instance into the fromDate method.

Then we get something like:

{ "name": "parade", "date": { "seconds": 1878681600, "nanoseconds": 0 } }

added to the events collection.

seconds is the UNIX timestamp in seconds.

Conclusion

We can save various items to Firebases’ Cloud Firestore in our Vue app with Vuefire.

Written by

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